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Navigating the layers of concern for safe dry needling of the rectus abdominis: a cadaveric study

J Man Manip Ther. 2024 May 20:1-7. doi: 10.1080/10669817.2024.2355007. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVES: To assess needle placement accuracy in the rectus abdominis (RA) muscle during dry needling (DN) without entering the peritoneum.

METHODS: Two physical therapists performed DN on a cadaver, making 10 attempts each to needle the RA without entering the peritoneum. Techniques followed two common DN approaches. Ultrasound verified needle depth and safety.

RESULTS: Seventy percent of attempts were recorded as safe needle placement, while 30% were unsafe. Accurate RA needle placement without peritoneal entry occurred in 55% of attempts.

DISCUSSION/CONCLUSION: Inadvertent peritoneal needle placement during RA DN poses risks regardless of experience. Ultrasound guidance may enhance safety and precision in clinical practice.

PMID:38768018 | DOI:10.1080/10669817.2024.2355007


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