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Comparing Myofascial pain syndrome treatment with DN versus ESWT for plantar fasciitis on pain and function of the heel

J Foot Ankle Surg. 2024 Mar 12:S1067-2516(24)00054-1. doi: 10.1053/j.jfas.2024.02.008. Online ahead of print.


The aim of this study was to compare the effects of dry needling (DN) and extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) in the treatment of plantar fasciitis (PF). The study included 55 patients with PF. The patients were randomly divided into 2 groups. The DN group applied 3 sessions of DN to the myofascial trigger points in the lower limb muscles. The ESWT group applied 3 sessions of ESWT to the plantar fascia. For clinical evaluation, we used a visual analog scale (VAS) (first step, rest, activity) and Foot Function Index (FFI) (pain, disability, activity). Assessments were done baseline, post-treatment first week, and fourth week. Maximum pain-free standing time (Max PfST) and maximum pain-free walking distance (Max PfWD) were recorded at baseline and post-treatment fourth week. In this study, we found significant improvement in VAS, FFI, Max PfST, and Max PfWD in both groups (p<0.01). VAS-activity baseline-forth week change was significantly superior in the DN group compared to the ESWT group (p=0.023). FFI-disability baseline-fourth week change was significantly superior in the DN group compared to the ESWT group (p=0.048). There was no significant difference in other treatment-related changes between the groups (p>0.05). However, VAS-rest baseline-fourth week change and FFI-pain baseline-fourth week change trended towards statistical significance between groups ((p=0.056), (p=0.052) respectively). This study showed that DN may be a good alternative treatment for patients with PF, with effects similar to or even superior to ESWT.

PMID:38484790 | DOI:10.1053/j.jfas.2024.02.008


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